internet and internet browsing: What you need to know

 

INTERNET BROWSING! A SUBJECT! NOT JUST A CONCEPT!
THE SUBJECT MATTER/TERMS RELATED TO/WITH INTERNET BROWSING :>
“there are various terms and words that must be pragmatically analyzed before the subject “internet browsing” will be fully elucidated, this words/terms includes:

1. INTERNET

INTERNET CAN IN “A NUTSHELL” BE DEFINED IN THE FOLLOWING SIX WAYS
  1. A computer network consisting of a worldwide network of computer networks that use the TCP/IP network
    protocols to facilitate data transmission and exchange.
  2. The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet
    Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) to serve billions of users worldwide.
  3. Any set of computer networks that communicate using the Internet Protocol. (An intranet.); The
    Internet, the largest global internet.
  4. A worldwide system of interconnected networks and computers.
  5. The global computer network.
  6. An international network, consisting of independently managed networks using the TCP/IP protocols
    and a shared naming system. A successor to the ARPAnet.

Intranet: A private network within an organization often protected from Internet traffic by a “firewall” (software that controls access from the outside).

2. BROWSING

THE TWO DEFINITION BELOW BEST DESCRIBES THE ACT OF BROWSING ON THE INTERNET

  •  Exploration of a body of information, based on the organization of the collections or
    scanning lists, rather than by direct searching.
  • Reading documents on the Internet.
With the above two definition one can summarize all the activities done on the internet, including
chatting and downloading as internet and/or web browsing.

3. WEBSITE

A website can be defined as a collection of HTML and subordinate documents on the World Wide Web that are typically accessible from the same URL and residing on the same server, and form a coherent, usually
interlinked whole.

4. WEB 2.0

Web 2.0 is a perceived transition of the Web from a collection of Web sites to a
full-fledged computing platform serving Web applications.

5. WEB SERVER

A web server is a computer that provides client stations with access to
files and printers as shared resources to a computer network.

WEB BROWSERS

WEB BROWSERS CAN BE DEFINED IN THE FOLLOWING FIVE WAYS:
  1. A web browser is a piece of computer software that you use to search for information on the Internet,
    especially on the World Wide Web.
  2. A web browser is a software application for retrieving, presenting, and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web.
  3. A Browsing software that provides you with the means to view a web page. Without browser software, you would not be able to surf the Internet.
  4. A web browser is an application program which interprets HTML and presents the final Web page; used to
    surf the World Wide Web.
  5. A web browser is a software application for retrieving, presenting, and traversing information
    resources on the World Wide Web.

An information resource is identified by a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) and may be a web page, image, video,
or other piece of content.

Hyperlinks present in resources enable users to easily navigate their browsers to related resources, although browsers are primarily intended to access the World Wide Web, they can also be used to access information provided by Web servers in private networks or files in file systems.

Some browsers can be also used to save information resources to file systems.

HISTORY OF WEB BROWSERS

The history of the web browser dates back in to the late 1980s, when a variety of technologies laid the foundation for the first web browser, WorldWideWeb, by Tim Berners-Lee in 1991.
That browser brought together a variety of existing and new software and hardware technologies, the introduction of the NCSA Mosaic web browser in 1993 – one of the first graphical web browsers – led to an
explosion in web use.
Marc Andreessen, the leader of the Mosaic team at NCSA, soon started his own company, named Netscape, and released the Mosaic-influenced Netscape Navigator in 1994, which quickly became the world’s
most popular browser, accounting for 90% of all web use at its peak.
Microsoft responded with its browser Internet Explorer in 1995 (also heavily influenced
by Mosaic), initiating the industry’s first browser war.
By bundling Internet Explorer with Windows, Microsoft was able to leverage its dominance in the operating
system market to take over the web browser market; Internet Explorer usage share peaked at over 95% by 2002.
Internet Explorer has 65% browser usage share as of October 2009 according to Net Applications.
Opera debuted in 1996; although it has never achieved widespread use, having 2% browser usage share as of October 2009, it has a substantial share of the fast-growing mobile phone web browser market, being preinstalled on over 40 million phones.
It is also available on several other embedded systems, including Nintendo’s Wii video game console. In 1998, Netscape launched what was to become the Mozilla Foundation in an attempt to produce a competitive browser using the open source software model.
That browser would eventually evolve into Firefox, which developed a respectable following while still in the beta stage of development; shortly after the release of Firefox 1.0 in late 2004, Firefox (all versions) accounted for 7.4% of browser use.
As of October 2009, Firefox has a 24% usage share. Apple’s Safari had its first beta release in January 2003; as of October 2009, it has a dominant share of Apple-based web browsing, accounting for just over 4% of the
entire browser market.
Its rendering engine, called WebKit, is also running in the standard browsers of several mobile phone platforms, including the iPhone OS, Google Android, Nokia S60 and Palm WebOS.
The most recent major entrant to the browser market is Google’s WebKit-based Chrome, first released in September 2008.  As of October 2009, it has a 4% usage share………………..

TYPES OF WEB BROWSERS

There are various types of web browsers built based on the “operating system” used with it. But our focus will be on most popular “Microsoft® Windows®” based web browsers
v  Mozilla firefox
v  Google chrome
v  Internet Explorer
v  Safari
v  Opera
v  Flock
v  Mozilla seamonky
v  Flashpeak Slimbrowser
These are most populous web browsers amongst million others. Full and more detailed
articles on web browsers and other web applications with their download link
can be found on our website here.

WEB APPLICATIONS

Apart from web browsers there are various web applications built for peculiar reasons, some for chatting, free calls, downloading, email clients, email marketing, SEO (search engine optimization)  tools and many more functions.
fThe most populous amongst them will be listed here below with little highlight on what it is used for, full details of each of them can be found on website here.
  • Pidgin: all in one PC messenger and chatting application.
  • Skype: PC free call and messaging application
  • Orbit Downloader: A reliable pc download manager
  • Gtalk: An instant messenger from Google™
  • Yahoo Messenger: an instant messenger from yahoo
  • Aim messenger: an instant messaging app from Aol
  • Windows messenger: an instant messaging app from Microsoft Inc.
  • Mozilla Thunderbird: A PC email client that works with all email server and services.
  • Microsoft Outlook/Outlook express: A reliable email client from Microsoft Inc.
These are the few that can be listed for now check out here or here for more. For each of this
application to work perfectly, you need to have a working connection to the internet and must be configured properly following the developer’s instruction.

common acronyms/abbreviation related to/with internet browsing

ü  http => Hyper-text
transfer protocol
ü  html => Hyper-text
markup language
ü  https =>
Hyper-text transmission protocol, secure
ü  ftp => file
transfer protocol
ü  url => universal
resource locator
ü  ip => internet
protocol
ü  tcp =>
transmission control protocol
ü  dns => domain name
service/domain name system
ü  ARPAnet => Advance
Research Project Agency Network
ü  ssl => Secure
sockets layer/Synthesizer specification Language
GENERAL
KEYBOARD SHORTCUT FOR ALL WEB BROWSERS (tested with mozilla firefox 3.6.3)
v  f6/alt+d =>
highlights/activates the address bar
v  f11 => activates
full screen
v  f3 => find
v  f10 => activates
the menu bar
v  windows logo+m =>
minimises all open window or program
v  alt+f4 => closes
the browser
v  f7 => turns
keyboard browsing on (firefox only)
v  ctrl+n => opens a
new page
v  ctrl+t => opens a
new tab
v  ctrl+r => reloads
a page
v  ctrl+w => closes
the current page/tab
v  ctrl+o => opens a
file
v  ctrl+s => opens
the “save as” prompt
v  ctrl+u => opens
the page source
v  ctrl+a => selects
all
v  ctrl+c => copy
v  ctrl+v => past
v  ctrl+x => cut
v  ctrl+z => undo
v  ctrl+y => redo
v  ctrl+p => print
v  ctrl+b => opens
the bookmark manager
v  ctrl++ => zoom out
v  ctrl+- => zoom in
v  ctrl+d => bookmark
a page
v  alt+any highlighted
alphabet => activates the corresponding
action……………………………………….
APPLICATION
Locate
the browser (ie: mozilla firefox, internet explorer, google chrome and etc.) on
the deskop or from the start menu else hold => windows logo+r =>type
firefox, chrome, iexplore => hit enter to lunch mozilla firefox, internet
explorer or google chrome respectively. When the browser is fully open press
f6/alt+d to activate the address bar, then type any address (website)  of your choice and hit enter, this is usually
when you have an address (website) in mind or know the site you want to visit. Most
at times, the sites containing the information you are looking for may not be
known to you, in such cases you are provided with perfect tools that does the
work for you ie in form of search engines.
SEARCH
ENGINES
Search
engines overtime stands to be a time-saving and effortless tool(s) for every
internet user; it differs among various users most of them are mostly used by
affiliate marketers and the like eg. www.cbengine.com
(click bank search engine) , www.amazon.com
and etc. Our focus will be on the
ever-reliable top five most used ones by all classes of persons.

www.google.com

www.yahoo.com

www.msn.com
/ www.bing.com
www.ask.com

www.wikipedia.com

Information
can be retrieved using any of these search engines just => locate the search
bar => type in the key words of the information you are looking for =>
hit enter to begin search.
CREATING
AN EMAIL ADDRESS
An
email address can be created using either Google™, aol, yahoo, Microsoft Inc
server and/or any other site(s), the type of email one should have depends on
what the email is to be used for, for most individuals free email address is
recommended while companies, churches, banks and organizations should consider
getting a paid email address. To create a free email address => go to www.gmail.com => click on create an
account/sign up => fill the form with the required information => verify
your account. N/b use country code when providing your mobile number eg.
+23470xxxxxxxx. For commercial or paid email address you will need a web
designer like me to host one for you (I can do this for free).
USING
YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS
For
the first use you need to customize your email address to suit your taste, for
gmail users => go to www.gmail.com =>
put your username and password => click on sign in. When logged in you can
now navigate to various options, read mail by clicking on inbox, spam, send
mail by clicking on compose (here you can attach a document/file by clicking on
attach file) and many other features. To get help on any of the options click
on help and follow the on screen prompt.
PARTICIPATING
IN FORUM(S)
For every internet user
leisure time is used participating in forum(s) and learning new things, forums
to join or participate in depends on ones field or area of interest, few among
many of the forum is listed here below:
v  www.blackmarketersforum.com
v  www.elitesnetwork.tk
v  www.win7vista.com
Participating
in forum requires great wisdom and discipline to avoid being banned and/or
scammed by internet frauders.
DOWNLOADING
FILES FROM THE INTERNET
The
overall safety of your pc while browsing may depend on the files/attachment you
download while browsing, it is best to download with discretion and wisdom to
ensure your security online. Downloading also is a data intensive action that
requires higher bandwidth than normal internet browsing.
Ø  Sites For Mobile Downloads:
v  www.sharemobile.ro
Ø  Sites For Pc
Downloads:
v  www.rapidshare.com
Download
manager(s) can be used to speed up download from the internet.
must
have tools

Read/Write in All Languages: This
is an easy to use tool provided by Google™ Inc. You can access this tool
by => go to http://www.translate.google.com
=> or search for Google translator => click on the first search
results => follow the on screen instruction.
Dictionary: This is an online English
dictionary provided for ease of use, to access this dictionary (a) =>
go to www.dictionary.google.com
=> type a word/phrase => wait
for result/definition (b) => go to www.dictionary.com => type a
word/phrase => wait for result/definition.
The ability to use the entire
shortcut provided above.

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About Obasi Miracle

I am a dedicated web developer with interest in blogging and app development. I have lots of buddies and always ready to connect with like-minded pals - See more about me.

Comments

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